Did Jesus and his disciples cast out demons or heal mental illness?

Demons appear to be popping up a lot in the New Testament so far, which I think is strangely fascinating. In fact, in Mark alone the words “demon”/”unclean spirit”/”spirit” are mentioned about 20 times just in the first nine chapters. Usually when I think of demons, I think of the black, smoke-like clouds that possess people in the completely amazing TV show Supernatural. As we all know, during Jesus’ ministry he went across the land and cast out demons. Now, when I was imagining this, I pictured something like when Sam and Dean cast out the demon Meg Masters in the season one finale of Supernatural:

(Just a heads up, there is foul language used in the show, and in this scene)

 

However, during my reading, I found a few cases where these “demons” that Jesus was casting out were also blamed for various psychological/physical problems, such as epilepsy and muteness. After realizing this, I started to wonder if these so-called “demons” were actually how the people of the time explained illnesses that could not be seen, especially mental illness.

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According to one source, this may actually be true. If you view the demon possessions from a medical perspective, what people thought were symptoms of demonic possession were actually just symptoms of mental illness (Christianity). This can be seen in Matthew 17:14-20, were Jesus heals a young epileptic boy by casting out demon. Another case appears in Mark 9:14-29, where Jesus must do what his disciples failed to do and cast out a demon from a mute person. To me, this seems to be the most plausible answer. These people did not have the knowledge of mental illness that we have today, and could have easily used demons as a way of rationalizing what was going on.

There’s also another source that lists several reasons explaining that mental illness (specifically schizophrenia) can’t be caused by demonic possession (Schizophrenia). Some of these reasons include:

  • Demons speak rationally, while people with schizophrenia generally can’t
  • Demons have an aversion to Christ, while many mentally ill people seek spiritual help
  • Supernatural events are demonic, not mental illness

On the other hand, many people believe that the demons are, well, actual demons. As for how to tell if a person is possessed by a demon, one source lists these symptoms of demonic possession:

  • Mental problems
  • Irrational emotional breakdowns
  • Physical problems that aren’t easily cured

There are several other symptoms listed as well (Great Bible Study). While this could easily be the real answer, I find it hard to believe from my perspective in the modern world.

However, there are several cases in the Bible where there’s no mental illness involved with demonic possession. So, assuming that these were literal demons, how did Jesus cast them out? There are several different methods that people believe could have been used.

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One site, while it doesn’t go into much detail, states that Jesus used exorcisms to rid people of demons (beliefnet). This source also states that many people were using exorcisms to release innocent victims from the grasps of demons during the time of Jesus, although their methods varied from each other. As we can see through the many horror movies based off exorcisms and several TV shows that show exorcisms being performed (like Supernatural) today, exorcisms are still performed and people are still fascinated with them. As with the demons being real, along with the modern day view of exorcisms, I find it a bit hard to believe that Jesus used this method to cast out demons.

Another theory is that Jesus cast out demons using his name (Great Bible Study). This seems to be a bit more plausible than exorcisms if you believe that Jesus is the son of the Protagonist. Along with this, many people believe today that demons flinch at the name of Christ (usually in Latin). But again, it’s kind of hard to believe that a simple word can make a demon flee in terror.

Finally, there is one theory actually mentioned in the Book of Mark, which is prayer. In Mark 9:29, it states “And he said to them, ‘This kind cannot be driven out by anything but prayer.’” Personally, this would seem like the most obvious method of banishing a demon, or at least attempt to banish a demon. This is especially true considering the fact that the Hebrew people often prayed to the Protagonist in times of hardship, and I would think that demonic possession would be a type of hardship.

In conclusion, I feel that at least some of the demons that Jesus cast out of people were actually instances of mental illness. As for the other cases, if they were in fact demons, there are several methods Jesus could have used to banish them. For me, if you’re going to believe in literal demons, it doesn’t seem too far-fetched to think that prayer would be an obvious way to rid yourself of the demon.

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(Because seriously, how can you not love the Supernatural Impala)

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Why is there an Intertestamental Period?

What happened during the approximately 400 years between the Old and New Testaments? More importantly, why is there such a huge gap between the two halves of the Hebrew narrative? This is something that I have wondered for a while now. So, like always, I went to the Internet in hopes of finding out what exactly happened during this period, and why the sudden silence from the Hebrew people. From what I found, almost everyone agrees on what happened historically during these ~400 years. For those who aren’t aware of what all went on over this span of time, here’s a nifty presentation on some of the major events that occurred (or you could watch the PowerPoint that’s on Blackboard):

(From Malachi to Christ

However, I found several different opinions on whether or not these “silent years” were actually silent, and this is what I found…

New_Testament

One source states that for the first 100 years, the Hebrew people were allowed to worship freely under the control of the Persians (Got Questions). However, after Alexander the Great conquered the Persian Empire, things began to change as Alexander forced the conquered nations to adopt Greek culture. Although he allowed the Hebrew people to continue worshipping the Protagonist, they became distracted by the pagan practices of the Greeks (like always). After his death, a series of rulers came into power and essentially corrupted the Hebrew’s worship of the Protagonist. This continued until the time of the New Testament. There are two major explanations as to why there is an intertestamental period. One, which most believers follow, is that the Protagonist simply did not send any prophets to the Hebrew nation. This is the reason that the source gave, and it’s obviously an f-word based reason. On the other hand, some people seem to believe that between the Hebrew people being separated as a result of their time in captivity, the changes in world powers and being assimilated into different cultures all combined to prevent the Hebrews from continuing to write.

Another source states that the “silent period” wasn’t exactly silent (Shameless Popery). Some people believe that during these 400 years, there were prophets who contributed to another version of the Hebrew narrative, the deuterocannon, which includes Apocrypha as an addition to the Old Testament. There’s a lot of debate as to whether these books should be included in the Old Testament or not. Either way, one source does point out that regardless of personal belief, these books “provide a valuable source of information for the study of the intertestamental period” (The Intertestamental Period).

In conclusion, it’s clear that at least some of the Hebrew people were continuing to write in the Old Testament during the intertestamental period. Whether or not these are valid/divinely inspired is entirely up the individual.

Biblical Allusion: Assassin’s Creed

Assassin’s Creed is pretty much my 2nd all time favorite video game series for several reasons. One, it has an amazing story that completely absorbs you. Second, the game is (for the most part) historically accurate; specifically, each person assassinated was a real person, and the place and time of death for each person in the games match the time and place that their deaths actually happened in real life. Finally, the games are filled with allusions to the Bible. For example, Desmond Miles, the protagonist of the series (up until Assassin’s Creed IV), is a direct descendant of Adam and Eve, which gives him the special ability to access the memories of his ancestors through his genes. Also, there are several artifacts, called Pieces of Eden, that are scattered throughout the world of the games (50 that are known of). These Pieces of Eden give the user the ability to control certain aspects of their environment, much like the protagonist of the Hebrew narrative controls the world of the Hebrew people.

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For anyone who’s never heard of/played Assassin’s Creed, here’s a quick summary of the series (well, at least Assassin’s Creed through Assassin’s Creed: Revelations):

Assassin’s Creed

As you can see, after Desmond finishes going through the memories of his 12th century ancestor Altaïr, he suffers from something called the Bleeding Effect. This simply means that he retains some abilities of Altaïr, specifically Eagle Vision (this allows him to see things that aren’t visible to normal people). After activating Eagle Vision in Desmond’s room, the player sees the bizarre work of Subject 16 on the walls (this terrified me the first time I saw it).

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If you look close enough, you see 22:13 written on the wall a couple of times. Most people agree that this references the Book of Revelations, specifically 22:13 which states, “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.” This verse shows Yahweh’s absolute power over all of the things He created. The Templars, who plan to use the Piece of Eden to control all of humanity, are trying to achieve that kind of power. This foreshadows knowledge that is gained only in the following game of the series, Assassin’s Creed II.

In the Animus room, there’s a similar depiction, except this time it’s 13:16-18. Unfortunately, I couldn’t find a picture of this. But in the Book of Revelations, 13:16-18 states, “Also it causes all, both small and great, both rich and poor, both free and slave, to be marked on the right hand or the forehead, so that no one can buy or sell unless he has the mark, that is, the name of the beast or the number of it’s name. This calls for wisdom: let the one who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man, and his number is 666.” This refers to the second beast mentioned in Revelations 13; it is said that the beast will rise out of the earth and cause destruction to humanity. This also can foreshadow knowledge gained later on in the series, which is a microchip that the Templars use, which is presumed to have the ability to control or track people. If the Templar’s mission is a success, they will inject every person on the planet with one of these microchips, allowing them to control everyone and essentially destroy humanity as we know it. Also, the barcode seen in the same room, when read, read the number 666, which further enforces this allusion.

If the player is familiar with this particular book of the Bible, then he/she will have a deeper insight of the events of the game, since the player is first told of the Templar’s evil plans in the second game. To a person who knows the Book of Revelations, the makers of the game are foreshadowing events and knowledge to come, and some of the creepy pictures on the wall make some sense.

Also, during Altaïr’s final fight with his mentor Al Mualim, Mulaim refers to the Piece of Eden as “the Word of God,” since the Pieces of Eden have the ultimate power. Mualim uses the Piece of Eden to replicated himself, control Altaïr, and control the rest of the Assassin Brotherhood. To a person who has read the Bible, this allusion makes perfect sense, since Yahweh time and time again shows His limitless power to the Hebrew nation, although it’s not to this extreme.

Assassin’s Creed II

In Assassin’s Creed II, the player has the chance to collect fragments from Subject 16 in the Animus, called glyphs. Once all of these glyphs are found, a secret video, called The Truth, is unlocked.

In this video, we see Adam and Eve trying to escape with a Piece of Eden. The Pieces of Eden allow the user to gain extensive knowledge of the world, just like the fruit from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil from Genesis 2. Just like in Genesis 3, Adam and Eve take the Piece of Eden and gain knowledge that has extreme consequences; they gain the knowledge of the calamity that will soon befall them and the others from the First Civilization, which can also be seen as another version of the fall in Genesis 3. To a person who has never read the Bible or hasn’t heard the story of Adam and Eve, they might not fully understand the allusion or the reason why the two seem to be in distress. But to a person who has read Genesis, if the Piece of Eden is viewed as the forbidden fruit, Adam and Eve’s distress makes perfect sense, since we know that they have gained knowledge that changes their lives forever.

Biblical allusions can be found everywhere, including video games. Sometimes these allusions can add a deeper understanding of the game, or they can foreshadow events in future games. Either way, they make the games much more interesting. I absolutely love the Assassin’s Creed series, and I can’t wait to finish Assassin’s Creed IV (hopefully this weekend 🙂 ).

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Pictures:

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Why did Hosea marry a prostitute?

“When the LORD first spoke through Hosea, the Lord said to Hosea, ‘Go, take to yourself a wife of whoredom and have children of whoredom, for the land commits great whoredom by forsaking the LORD.’ So he went and took Gomer, the daughter of Diblaim, and she conceived and bore him a son.” (Hosea 1:2-3)

“And the LORD said to me, ‘Go again, love a woman who is loved by another man and is an adulteress, even as the LORD loves the children of Israel, though they run to other gods and love cakes of raisins.’” (Hosea 3:1)

Why would the Protagonist demand that a Hebrew prophet marry a prostitute? This is one of the first things I thought of as I was reading the Book of Hosea (other than the fact that whoredom is an actual word). I thought this was really strange since the prophets were supposed to at least try to lead the Hebrew nation in the right direction. Not only did Yahweh command Hosea to take a prostitute for a wife, but he also told him to take back the woman who cheated on him. As always, I’m left wondering “Why?” and having to attempt to find an answer that makes at least a little sense.

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One source suggests that Gomer didn’t become a prostitute until after she married Hosea (Today’s Christian Marriage). One reason for this is given by the fact that Gomer is referred to as “the daughter of Dibliam,” and not as the wife of some other man or as a harlot. While the reasoning doesn’t quite make sense to me (you can still be called someone’s daughter and be a prostitute), it kind of makes sense to me that Gomer wouldn’t be a prostitute yet. The same source goes on to say that Hosea does not take Gomer back after she leaves him. Instead, he is to “purchase her as a man would purchase a prostitute, providing for her needs,” yet she is no longer considered his wife since she has committed adultery (Today’s Christian Marriage). Honestly, I feel like this could be a plausible reason that Hosea married Gomer, but I’m not fully convinced.

Another source says that Gomer was in fact a prostitute before marrying Hosea, and she does leave him for someone else (Slate). However, the source does not believe that the woman mentioned in chapter 3 is Gomer. This answer makes a lot of sense to me, especially since Gomer’s name is never mentioned in five verses that make up the Book of Hosea 3. The same source does mention that in some translations of the Bible that explicitly mention Gomer as being the woman mentioned in this chapter, though she’s not mentioned in this chapter in every translation.

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Yet another source says that Hosea was to marry a prostitute because it was his duty to provide an example of the Protagonist’s redeeming love towards the Hebrew nation (Got Questions). Hosea is set up as a loving and forgiving figure, while Gomer represents Israel’s rebellion against the will of the Protagonist. The source states, “This set up a model of Israel’s broken relationship with God. Israel had been chosen and loved by God yet had been unfaithful to Him by way of idolatry” (Got Questions). In the case of Hosea and Gomer, instead of idolatry, Gomer committed adultery. While this theory makes sense, and seems to be something that would catch the attention of the Hebrew nation and at least have some effect on the people, I think that if it were a literal marriage it would serve a greater purpose.

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Finally, another theory is that the marriage of Hosea and Gomer wasn’t literal at all, that it was just an allegory (Jewish Women’s Archive). The source states that this explanation would “perhaps preserve Gomer’s moral goodness by erasing her existence as a real woman and having her serve God’s purposes” (Jewish Women’s Archive). I think this is an interesting idea. We frequently talk about how not everything in the Hebrew narrative is meant literally in class, and I think this could be an example of this. Since Hosea is supposed to be a holy as a prophet, it’s kind of hard to believe that he literally married a prostitute. However, Yahweh does tend to command His prophets to do some pretty crazy things (for example, Ezekiel’s bizarre actions).

After all this research, I’m left with more questions than answers, which is not surprising since there are so many different opinions about the events of the Hebrew narrative. Honestly, I feel like the real reason could be any of these theories. Any way you look at the situation, it’s pretty interesting that Yahweh would command a holy prophet to marry an unholy prostitute, either literally or metaphorically.

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Pictures:

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Why send a woman to do a “man’s” job?

“Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time. She used to sit under the palm of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the hill country of Ephraim, and the people of Israel came up to her for judgment.” (Judges 4:4-5)

 

So far in our reading of the Old Testament, the ancient Hebrew people have not been too friendly to women. Women were generally considered to be lower than even slaves to the male dominated culture. This, along with the fact that the Bible gives many examples of women who generally just cause problems (like Eve, Lot’s daughters, and Jezebel), makes it even more surprising when a good, strong female figure appears out of nowhere. The story of Deborah has stuck with me in the weeks since reading Judges mostly because it’s so unusual to see a woman not portrayed as a cunning and troublesome character. What’s even more unusual is the fact that Deborah performed a typically male role, and she kicked butt at it. But why would the protagonist choose to send a woman to do a “man’s” job, especially in a culture that was so male dominated?

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One theory is that Deborah, while recorded in the book of Judges, wasn’t actually a judge at all. According to once source, Deborah was merely “a prophetess who performed judging activities, rather than a Judge/Military leader” (Unlocking Femininity). The same source gives these reasons why Deborah isn’t a true judge: 1) Deborah alone acted in a judicial capacity; 2) God did not call Deborah “to arise”; 3) Deborah was not a Military Leader; and 4) Deborah was a woman. Personally, I don’t agree with this. Just because Deborah wasn’t a typical judge, doesn’t mean that she was not a judge. The Hebrew narrative is filled with many surprising things that an unsuspecting reader would not expect. Also, to me it’s clear that Deborah was, in fact, a military leader, which can be seen in Judges 4:14, “And Deborah said to Barak, ‘Up! For this is the day in which the LORD has given Sisera into your hand. Does not the LORD go out before you?’ So Barak wen down from Mount Tabor with 10,000 men following him.” If Deborah didn’t have some degree of military leadership, why on earth would a man in control of at least part of Israel’s military listen to her, let alone even be afraid to face Sisera without her? So this theory is obviously out.

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Another theory suggests that Deborah was chosen because the men of the day were just not getting the job done. One source gives these two reasons as to why Yahweh chose a female judge: 1) The men were shirking their God-given responsibilities; and 2) The persecution of Jabin king of Canaan was bringing against the Israelites was particularly targeting the women (Precepts). As another source states, the first reason is made obvious when Barak outright refuses to go to war with out Deborah, a woman, by his side (Christian Feminism). According to what all we have read of the Bible, men were supposed to be the fearless warriors, the ones who protected the country and lead the people, while women were supposed to maintain the house and have as many children as possible. So what other way to shame the men of the Hebrew nation into action than by placing a woman above them? As for the second reason, what better person to choose to protect the daughters of Israel than a mother? After all, Judges 5:7 states, “I, Deborah, arose as a mother in Israel.” Mothers can be quite fearless when it comes to protecting their children, and it’s clear that Deborah will protect the Hebrew nation as a mother protects her child. To me, this theory seems much more reasonable and realistic.

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Yet another theory is that it wasn’t entirely uncommon for a woman to be a prophetess and warrior. According to one source, “most Assyrian prophets were women, and reports from both the ancient and more recent Near East show a consistent pattern of the presence of women to inspire the troops and taunt the enemy” (My Jewish Learning). While this is pretty cool, I sincerely doubt that this would be a reason that the protagonist would choose a woman judge. After all, it was drilled into the Hebrew nation that they should be set apart and different from all the surrounding nations, and not to follow in their customs. And on the many times that they didn’t set themselves apart, Yahweh inflicted extreme and often terrible punishments against them. So it’s kind of hard to believe that Deborah would be chosen a judge just because all the other nations were doing it.

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So apparently there are a few conflicting views about why Deborah was chosen to be a judge over the nation of Israel. Some argue that Deborah wasn’t even a judge, although I strongly disagree with this view. Others think it’s because the men of her time weren’t qualified for the job, and they needed to be shamed into stepping up into their roles. And yet others think that it’s simply because the other nations were doing it. Either way you look at it, Deborah is a really great example of how a woman could both embrace the role of a judge and warrior, and still be a wife and mother, which is pretty awesome for a nation that tends to blame women for most of the faults of the world. 

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Pictures:

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The Legend of Korra Biblical Allusion

As I was trying to find a topic for our first allusion blog, nothing really came to my mind. Luckily, life has this way of dropping things/ideas right in front of me when I need them most. I was watching the season two premier of The Legend of Korra when it hit me. An entire season of one of my favorite shows that revolves around Korra trying to fulfill her role as the bridge between the physical and spiritual worlds, and how neglected spirits have become angry and have started wrecking havoc on her people? This is just brilliant! Who knew so much stuff could be hidden in a kid’s TV show?

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Just in case no one else is familiar with the show, here’s a bit of background information. The show is a spinoff of Avatar the Last Airbender. The world of these two series is filled with people who have the power to control, or “bend”, the elements, although not everyone has this ability. Most benders can only control one element, the one that is associated with the nation they’re from. So members of the Water Tribes control water, the Air nomads control air, the Earth Kingdom has power over earth, and the Fire Nation works with fire. However, the exception to this rule is the Avatar, a person that has the power of all four elements, has the power to connect with his/her past lives, and is the bridge between the real world and the spirit world. There is one Avatar alive at a time, and they cycle through the elements as they are reincarnated (water, earth, fire, air). This cycle’s Avatar is a member of the Southern Water tribe.

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So. Now to the allusion. The title of this Book (season) is Spirits, which is a huge clue as to what this season is all about.  So far, this season has taken place in the Southern Water Tribe, which is located near the South Pole. The Southern Tribe has fallen away from spiritual traditions, which has lead to the spirits becoming angry and attacking the people out at sea, much to the dismay of Chief Unalaq, who is visiting from the Northern Water Tribe. As the Glacial Spirits Festival is currently occurring, it is apparent that this once sacred festival has become a celebration of worldly things, and this does not go over well with the spirits, who control the balance of the world. It’s evident from this that the spirits can be viewed as a Yahweh-figure, and the Southern Water Tribe can be seen as a reflection of the young Hebrew nation. Also, since Avatar Korra is the bridge between the spirits and the physical world, she has a role as a Moses-figure in this world. With the help of Chief Unalaq, her uncle, Korra must learn to embrace her spiritual role in order to save her tribe from utter destruction at the hands of the spirits.

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Now, we all have read about how Moses was the spiritual leader of the Hebrew nation, as well as how crucial he was as a bridge between them and Yahweh. There are multiple occasions where Moses is left pleading with Yahweh for forgiveness for the people after they did something, for lack of a better word, stupid after having seen what the protagonist has done for them. For example, after Aaron and the rest of the Hebrew people create the golden calf to worship while Moses is receiving the Ten Commandments, he begs Yahweh to “Turn from your burning anger and relent from this disaster against your people,” (Exodus 32:12). While the spirits so far do not necessarily speak, they are out to destroy the Southern Water Tribe, which can be seen in how they attack during the Glacial Spirits Festival.

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By understanding the story of Moses and the Hebrew people, a viewer can easily see why it is so important for the Avatar to restore the balance between the spiritual and physical worlds. If Korra is unable to bring her tribe back into the spirits favor, it could be the end of her people. So far, it is unclear whether her efforts will be successful or not. But hopefully, like Moses, she will be able to save her people from utter destruction.

Here’s a link to full episodes of this season, I used the first one (Rebel Spirits) for the allusion 🙂

http://www.nick.com/videos/clip/legend-of-korra-113-full-episode.html (Rebel Spirits)

http://www.nick.com/videos/legend-of-korra-videos (other episodes)

 

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Pictures:

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Where was Moses buried?

As we come to an end to the Pentateuch/Torah, we observe the death of Moses before the Israelites finally journey into the Promised Land. But something about the last chapter of Deuteronomy just seemed really strange to me. No one knows where the burial site of Moses is. 

 

 “So Moses the servant of the LORD died there in the land of Moab, according to the word of the LORD, and he buried him in the valley in the land of Moab opposite Beth-peor; but no one knows the place of his burial to this day.” (Deuteronomy 34:5-6)

  

How can this be possible? I find it hard to believe that the Israelites would not have found the burial site of the person who led them for over forty years. But an even bigger question is where is he buried? Surely, in the over 3,400 years it’s been since his death, someone must have uncovered his grave? And why did the Protagonist feel the need to keep this place a secret? Unsurprisingly, there are several different theories on where Moses’ final resting place is located and why its location was kept from the Hebrew people. 

First, let’s try to conquer the where part. I only found two ideas on where the *actual* location of Moses’ burial site could be.

 

Theory #1: Moses was buried between Jericho and Jerusalem. 

This theory is from an Islamic perspective. The place is called Nebi Musa, and it’s located on the west side of the Jordan River (Nebi Musa). This is significant because the Promised Land is also west of the Jordan, and Moses wasn’t allowed to enter it because of his lack of faith in Yahweh. Another site goes into more detail about its location, saying that his burial site is “near a red hill, next to the road in Jericho” and that there’s “a mosque with Moses’ name” (Islamic Knowledge). This idea seems really plausible, but I’m not quite 100% positive that it’s the one. Personally, I don’t believe that the Protagonist or the Hebrew author would like the idea of Moses being buried west of the Jordan, seeing as he was prohibited from entering the Promised Land. But then again, this could be why they kept the location a secret if he was buried here.

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Theory #2: Moses was buried on Mount Nebo.

On the another side of things, many people who try to take a stab about the location of the burial place say that it’s located on the mountain where he died, Mount Nebo (Wikipedia). However the specific location of the mountain isn’t known. I also think that this could be answer. During the forty years of wandering through the wilderness, people were buried where they died. It wasn’t sanitary for the Hebrew nation to carry a dead person around for who knows how many years until they reached the Promised Land, so it makes sense to bury a person as soon as possible.

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I wasn’t able to find any other ideas on where Moses was buried, which I found to be really odd. Most people seem to agree that his remains have never been found, and use this to explain why his burial location is widely accepted as being unknown. However, there are several people who say that Moses’ remains haven’t been found because he wasn’t buried on Earth. Other people think that Moses is figuratively buried in the Torah, and he is only truly dead when the Torah is neglected and ignored (OzTorah). This makes a lot of sense to me, even though it doesn’t quite answer my question. As long as an author’s book is still read, he or she can live on through it long after death.

 

Most people seem to agree on why the Hebrew author and the Protagonist kept the location of Moses’ grave a secret. It seems to have been hidden so the Hebrew nation would not “worship his burial place” (Learn the Bible). If they knew where he was buried, the idea was that the Hebrew people would once again slip into idolatry with Moses being the one worshipped this time. And let’s face it; this is a highly likely possibility.

However, there’s one more idea out there that explains why the location is kept secret: he is to be one of the two end-time prophets/witnesses (Ted Montgomery). This theory goes along with the idea that Moses wasn’t buried on Earth. According to this source, Yahweh resurrected Moses in secret to await the eventual end of time. This theory also states that this is why Satan and Michael were in a dispute over the body of Moses in Jude 9. I’m not sure if I really believe that this is a solid answer to either of my questions, even though it does explain why Moses’ remains still have not been found to this day.

 

Unfortunately, all this research didn’t really answer where Moses is buried. It could be on the mountain where he died, or it could be between Jerusalem and Jericho. However, I do believe that it was kept hidden to keep the Hebrew people from slipping into idolatry after the loss of one of their greatest leaders. As of right now, the world may never know where Moses’ final resting place is. 

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